2023 is going to be an exciting year!

From Starship to Ariane 6 and Juice to Psyche, not forgetting Euclid and the first commercial missions to the Moon, 2023 promises to be an exciting year. As early as this year, the European Space Agency decided to launch its own manned flight program. Discover our picks of the major astronaut events that will mark this new year.

Unsurprisingly, the year 2022 will be marked by the impact of the war in Ukraine on the European space sector, the first mission of the Artemis program that begins the return of the Americans. the moonthe moon and “Satellite Launch Machine”, SpaceXSpaceX, with no less than 60 missions. A record that declares another: Elon MuskElon Musk The target is 100 flights Falcon 9Falcon 9 And Falcon is heavyFalcon is heavy In 2023.

For Europe pitcherpitcher, the year 2022 ends as badly as it began. With the war in Ukraine depriving it of the Russian Soyuz, the Ariane 6’s maiden flight and entry into service are constantly being postponed from semester to semester, and while only two Ariadne 5Ariadne 5 remains to be launched, Small launcherSmall launcher European Vega CVega C Just missed his first commercial flight.

So, what to expect from 2023? Well, a lot.

2023 will see the end of the career of Ariane 5, an iconic launcher that has become the reference in the commercial market for satellites. transfer orbittransfer orbit Geostationary that will mark an entire generation of space enthusiasts. In 2023, it will conduct its last two missions: in January, with the satellite launch Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz (H2Sat), and Syracuse 4B (milsat) in April, launching the Juice probe to Jupiter and its worlds. With this recall and pending commissioningAriadne 6Ariadne 6Europe which, just a few years ago, was the leader in access to space, will depend on the goodwill of SpaceX to launch its satellites!

From starships to Ariane 6 without forgetting Vulcan

As for Ariane 6, its first flight, initially scheduled for July 2020, was announced today in the last quarter of 2023, but could be pushed back to early 2024. For now, the venue is for combined tests that will span the year and will include ensuring the interaction between the launcher and the launch pad (Ela-4) is working properly and testing all the operational procedures of the Ariane 6 launch base.

Ariane 6 isn’t the only new launcher expected. We’re also counting on SpaceX’s Starship, the vulcanthe vulcan from ULA and a few new Chinese launchers, some of which are private. Its first test flight StarshipStarship, constantly postponed for good reasons, should be performed at the beginning of the year. It is planned to last more or less 90 minutes. The starship will be put into orbit by the Super Heavy Launcher and fly a path through space to the Hawaiian Islands, but without achieving a full orbit around Earth. If all goes according to plan, the main stage of the Super Heavy will return to dry land, which will not be the case with the starship. After an atmospheric re-entry, the starship should make a controlled landing and crash into the open ocean off the coast of Hawaii.

Kick-off of the first personal mission to the Moon

Another highly anticipated launcher, ULA’s Vulcan. The latter is not intended to be a market open to competition. Its only client will be the United States government and the Falcon 9 will be its main competitor. It will gradually replace the American Delta IV heavy launcher and eventually the Atlas V. For its maiden flight, it will target the Moon with the launch of the Peregrine lunar lander from Astrobotic Company. The lander, which will carry multiple payloads, will be the first personal spacecraft to land. This mission will be completed within the framework of the program Commercial Lunar Payload Service (CLPS) of NASA which aims to deliver scientific and technological equipment to the Moon on behalf of NASA. Launched in December, iSpace’s personal lander Hakuto-R will carry the UAE’s Rashid rover to the moon. Its first lap is scheduled for late April, early May. He will be joined a few weeks later, in June, by the roverthe rover Indian Chandrayaan-3.

in case Manned flightManned flightBoeing CST-100 will make its first flight to the International Space Station with two in the spring AstronautAstronaut. In India, Gaganyaan, the prototype manned vehicle developed by the Indian Space Agency, should make its test flight in 2024 or even in late 2023. Finally, if 2022 ends with the selection of a new class of European astronauts, the European Space Agency will decide in February, or at its Council meeting in March, whether it will acquire an autonomous power for its astronauts to access space. A very detailed report on the matter will be submitted to the leadersESAESA In January.

An unprecedented mission dedicated to the dark universe and a Chinese Hubble

inside mattermatter Of space missions, several launches are expected In 2023, the European Space Agency will launch the Joos probe (April) and Euclid (between July and September). The hundred juicejuice The goal is to identify Jupiter’s icy moons — GanymedeGanymedeEurope and CallistoCallisto — as planetary objects and potential habitats, and to study Jupiter’s complex environment in depth. He will test the system JovianJovian As a model for gas giants throughoutthe universethe universe.

for this EuclidEuclid, is a very ambitious and unprecedented mission that aims to study the dark universe, i.e. dark matter, dark energy (lambda) and the fields responsible for ‘inflation. For this, NASA will launch the Psyche probe in Octoberthe asteroidthe asteroid The metal of the same name that will arrive in 2026. This would be the remnants of the iron core of an ancient protoplanet. The mission aims to identify its properties and quantify its gold, to nickelto nickel And iron, which is estimated to be worth more or less… 10,000 quadrillion dollars, more than the entire world economy!

As for China, which has completed the construction of its space station, it should launch its “Hubble” in 2023. Actually, this station will be completed by the end of December telescopetelescope Xuntian spacecraft that will return from the station and dock there for maintenance. This telescope will have a the mirrorthe mirror At two meters in diameter, it is slightly smaller than the Hubble Space Telescope (2.4 meters) but will have a much larger field of view.

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