First look at July 31 legislative elections: Pre Maurice Saudique Dion identifies the evils that defeated Mackie and Benno and offers key to coalition success

Awaiting the release of the results of the July 31 legislative elections scheduled for Thursday, Maurice Saudic Dion, associate professor of political science at Gaston Berger University in St.Louis, gave us his read on the first trends on the ballot. In this interview with Daily Interest, he lifts the veil on the reasons for the defeat of the ruling coalition Benoit Boc Yakar, while focusing on the failure of the R Senegal coalition. Far from holding it back, the political science professor and researcher Yeoui-Wallou also returns to the key to the success of the inter-coalition and the surprise created by the journalist-aspirant, Pep Djibril Fall, who succeeds for his first participation in the uprising. Fronting tenors like Pep Diop of Bok Gis Gis and Dr El Hadji Ibrahima Mbo of UCS Bunt-B

What is your overall assessment of the first trends of the July 31 assembly elections released by the Divisional Voting Commission?

Initially, it was very difficult to predict the outcome of this hotly contested electoral contest. Socio-economic context characterized by general price rise, austere living conditions, floods etc. The ruling majority was not favorable. Relations between political actors were strained due to heavy litigation in the pre-election period, particularly linked to the Constitutional Council’s decision to illegally separate the Yewi Askan y coalition list from the ruling bloc; And taking stock of the ensuing political conflict, several deaths, destruction, illegal arrests of opposition leaders: Mayor Ahmed Aidara of the city of Guediawe, Deputy Dethi Fall and Mame Diarra Pham, despite their parliamentary immunity. These elections were therefore eagerly awaited so that the Senegalese people, holders of sovereignty, could settle disputes between the various competing political forces. Organizational structures have been put in place in an adequate manner to express the popular will, and this should be welcomed; While political actors lamented the announcement of the results, which violated the provisions of the Election Code, the situation is unlikely to calm down. Indeed, one cannot be both judge and jury. CENA (Autonomous National Electoral Commission) should have intervened to condemn and end these violations of electoral law to calm the people. In any case, we observe a significant advance of the opposition in the wake of the first results, especially the intra-coalition Yewi-Wallu, which is strongly competing for the majority with the Beno Bak Yakar coalition.

According to you, what explains this performance of the Yewi-Wallu inter-coalition: Sonko’s speech on the parallels between Beno’s victory and third term?

There was a presidentialization of the legislative election campaign with the participation of the main opposition leader Usmane Sonko who is clearly positioning himself for the 2024 presidential election. Since then, through his personal contributions, he has enhanced the results of political compromises. The two most popular opposition alliances, Yewi Askan Y and Walu Senegal, have substituted for their replacements for appointments, despite the illegal and unjustified illegality of elements of the incumbents from the Yewi Askan Y list, in addition to the contributions of other leaders of the Yewi Askan Y coalition.

“(…) I amInter-coalition Yewi-Walu has successfully campaigned against the prospect of a third presidential candidate in 2024″

President Sal should have put an end to the controversy that he cannot be a candidate for the 2024 presidential election, because it is the constitution that excludes him from the game, which provides in its article 27: “No one can serve more than two consecutive terms. By maintaining, contenting himself with affirming “yes or no,” when the question does not come under his discretion but under the provisions of the Fundamental Charter, he has strengthened the notion that by his attitude he is liable to unlawfully present a third candidacy. Thus the opposition party. In his political communication, he considered that voters should not support the presidential camp, because it would encourage him on the path of the third candidacy’s illegality, which could lead to tension, violence, death and destruction, and which is avoidable. Especially since there is a lot of natural oil and gas. For a country with resources, insecurity and instability may favor state breakdown from which it will be difficult to emerge in a defined sub-regional context. Through the rise of violent extremism. .

Political agreements were also reached at the regional level between the two most representative coalitions of the opposition, Yewi Askan We and Walu Senegal, to consolidate and consolidate their forces. In fact, at the divisional level through a single round majority ballot where we won all the seats by a single difference vote, the political objective of this Yewi-Walu pact was to come first in the maximum number of divisions and capture all the seats there. . It should be noted that Beno Bok Yakar benefited greatly from this voting system in 2017. Because, though he did not get a majority, with a total of 49.48% of the votes cast, Benno Bokk Yakar 125 out of 165 found themselves with deputies. So this Yewi-Walu agreement at the level of departments was basically at the root of the progress of the opposition.

Is there a link between these findings with cases of counterfeit notes and diplomatic passport smuggling or scandals involving deputies with absentee bills?

This is true because Senegal’s political history has seen such a tarnished image of the National Assembly, where deputies have been implicated in diplomatic passport smuggling and banknote forgery. However, parliamentarians exercise a noble mission in the service of the nation; Hence he was given the title of Honorary Deputy. As a representative of the people, the responsibility of the public representative is strongly bound up with dignity. Article 100 of the Rules of Procedure states: “The deputy elected by the people is a qualified representative of the nation. The dignity and authority of the National Assembly, the embodiment of popular sovereignty, guarantees true democracy. The elected representative of the people has obligations of moral integrity, integrity, fairness and dignity which must be reflected in his behavior and in his daily life. These requirements impose a standard on the extent of his responsibility. The National Assembly must guarantee him satisfactory working conditions and state support, honor and consideration service.

Regarding the bills, it must be said that they are binding on the deputies, because they must strictly respect a financial balance: the expenses they raise must produce compensatory receipts. It should also be added that in Senegal’s political history, legislative proposals have often had the opportunity to lead to political coups: such as the legislative proposal that removed Habib Thiam from the presidency of the National Assembly in 1983, reducing his powers. 5 to one year order, forcing him to resign; which in the same perspective pressured Mackie Sall to resign from the Presidency of the National Assembly in 2008 reducing his mandate from 5 to one year; or that in 2005 the Vice-President of the Constituent Assembly, May Babacar Saye, granted amnesty to the May 15, 1993 killers. So I don’t think it has condemned past legislatures because of the absence of legislative proposals from the deputies. It should be added that the Senegalese political system needs structural reforms to improve the effectiveness of the National Assembly, especially through a more balanced relationship with the executive power. In addition to a greater requirement on the profile of deputies, criteria of competence, level of study, for example for deputies invested in the national list, who are more co-opted than actually elected; Strengthens the popular legitimacy of deputies by electing them at the divisional level in a two-round majority vote; It gives the opposition some special privileges in the National Assembly through the chairmanship of important committees, control over the use of parliamentary resources and the possibility to chair a committee of inquiry every year.

In your opinion, did the presence of President Wade, who landed in Dakar on the eve of the election, have an impact on this situation?

President Wade is an icon of Senegalese political life, who as a tireless and tireless fighter played a major role in building democracy in Senegal, during 26 years of opposition (1974-2000), during which he faced and suffered all kinds of difficulties. A lot of injustice and bullying. Even if he is not campaigning, at the age of 96, traveling from abroad to perform his civic duties, besides calling for votes for the Yewi-Wallu inter-alliance, is an act of highly symbolic significance. .

And how do you explain in the case of the Senegal coalition, only one program has been presented. Does this mean that Senegalese vote without taking the program into account?

Admittedly, the R Senegal coalition is composed of several quality political figures, and has presented a program of 14 proposals for an assembly of separatists. But whatever the relevance of a program, it needs to achieve a majority to implement it. Moreover, we cannot categorically say that Senegalese vote without taking into account the programs, but it seems that useful votes were supported during these legislative elections, around the essential issue of obtaining a majority, which led to a polarization Benno Book Yaakaar v Yewi-Wallu.

What happened to the fall of Pape Djibril? According to the first trend he is number 4 for participationm Pape Diop ahead of alliances like Bokk Gis Gis and Ucs Bunt-bi?

Djibril Fall in Pape was a surprise in this election. Despite the modesty of its resources and its presence in only a few categories, it has achieved commendable results for its first participation. A media man and an eloquent tribune, he won the sympathy of the electorate with relevant speeches on the problems, concerns and needs of the society with interesting propositions; Despite the bitterness of the titanic battle between the two giants of this legislative election, Benno Bak Yakar on one side and Yewi-Walu on the other, he managed to make his way through.

Directed by Nando Cabral Gomes

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